Legislation Protecting Patients From Surprise Emergency Room Bills Passes Key Policy Committee

The California State Assembly Health Committee today passed AB 1611 by Assemblymember David Chiu and Senator Scott Wiener to end surprise emergency room bills on a 11-0 vote.

For Immediate Release: Tuesday, April 23, 2019

Anthony Wright, executive director, Health Access California, awright@health-access.org, 916-870-4782 (cell)
Rachel Linn Gish, director of communications, Health Access California, rlinngish@health-access.org, 916-532-2128 (cell)


  • AB 1611 by Assemblymember David Chiu and Senator Scott Wiener to stop surprise ER bills statewide passed out of Assembly Health Committee earlier today.
  • The bill ends “balance billing” in ERs by preventing surprise medical bills to patients beyond in-network cost-sharing and helps to prevent inflated premiums by setting a standard for reimbursement to the hospital.
  • After high-profile stories and public pressure, Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital (ZSFG), reversed its position on sending surprise bills to insured patients. AB 1611 creates a statewide solution.
  • AB 1611 now goes to Assembly Appropriations Committee, with potential Assembly floor vote in late May.

SACRAMENTO, CA – The California State Assembly Health Committee today passed AB 1611 by Assemblymember David Chiu and Senator Scott Wiener to end surprise emergency room bills on a 11-0 vote. After an emergency room visit, some California patients still receive a “balance bill” which is the difference between what the hospital charged for the service and what the insurer paid for the service. These unexpected medical bills can amount to tens of thousands of dollars even after the patient’s insurance pays their portion.

When experiencing an emergency, Californians are not able to choose where they are taken for their care. AB 1611 prevents patients from being on the hook for a bill incurred when receiving care at an emergency room in a hospital that ends up being out of network.

“After a trip to the emergency room, the only thing you should be focused on is getting better, not a bill for tens of thousands of dollars,” said Assemblymember David Chiu (D-San Francisco), the author of AB 1611. “This legislation will protect patients from surprise emergency room bills and hopefully bring some peace of mind to those who need emergency care.”

For the majority of consumers, California law requires a health plan to cover the cost of the emergency care a patient receives whether or not a hospital is in-network. However, there is still a giant gap in state law. Specifically, six million Californians with federally regulated health plans and one million Californians with coverage regulated by the California Department of Insurance are at risk for surprise emergency room bills because they are not covered by these important consumer protections.

In 2017, California enacted and implemented strong protections against surprise billing for patients in health facilities with AB 72. AB 1611 closes remaining gaps in state law and extends important consumer protections for those that get care in emergency rooms.

The bill is already prompting change. Last week Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital (ZSFG) announced a proposal to end their practice of “balance billing” after making headlines earlier this year for their egregious practice of keeping their ER out-of-network in order to charge insured patients higher rates. But ZSFG is not alone – many other hospitals also engage in this practice. AB 1611 would prevent balance billing and surprise emergency bills statewide. The bill is co-sponsored by Health Access California and the California Labor Federation.

“AB 1611 is a statewide solution to unfair and outrageous surprise emergency room bills. Patients in an ambulance are in no position to choose what emergency room they end up at, and certainly should not get any extra or inflated charges if the hospital is out-of-network,” said Anthony Wright, Executive Director of Health Access California, the statewide health care consumer advocacy coalition. “This legislation closes loopholes in California’s otherwise strong consumer protections against surprise medical bills, taking the patient out of the middle of billing disputes between hospitals and insurers.”

“Going to an emergency room for a sudden illness or injury is extremely stressful for entire families,” said California Labor Federation Executive Secretary-Treasurer Art Pulaski. “That stress is multiplied with surprise emergency room bills from hospitals that can total tens of thousands of dollars, leaving many patients on the brink of bankruptcy. The California Labor Federation is proud to co-sponsor AB 1611 to provide common-sense protections for working people who experience an emergency so they can focus on recovery instead of worrying about whether the treatment they receive is going to lead to financial ruin.”

AB 1611 now moves to the Assembly Appropriations Committee for a vote in the coming weeks.